The Lepidopterists' Society of Africa (known mainly as LepSoc) was initiated as an NGO in 1983. LepSoc created a forum for lepidopterists to communicate with each other. LepSoc's focus has shifted from specialists and collectors to a wider, more public conservation-focused approach. Efforts to create reserves to protect endangered butterflies have grown into a project called COREL (Custodians Of Rare and Endangered Lepidoptera), which was set up to safeguard threatened species. LepSoc produces a journal called Metamorphosis
In 2005, LepSoc began a three-way partnership between the ADU, SANBI and LepSoc. The South African Butterfly Conservation Assessment (SABCA) gathered data on butterfly distribution in South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland into one database. The “butterfly atlas” was published in 2013. There were more questions than answers, and LepiMAP is the continuation of that project.